Prokaryotic Cell Review Questions

Prokaryotic Cell Structure & Function
Review Questions

from Science Prof Online


Prokaryotic Cell Review Questions
Prokaryotic Cell
Practice Test Questions
Part I & Part II

These multiple choice and true/false questions are designed to help students practice and test their understanding of this topic.

3. What type of cells have peptidoglycan as part of the cell wall? What is the function of peptidoglycan?

​​4. What is the primary difference between Gram negative and Gram positive bacteria and why is it important?

​5. Create a labeled drawing or diagram of a Gram+ cell wall and a Gram- cell wall.

1. What role do ribosomes play in carrying out the genetic instructions?

2. Describe several general characteristics that could be used to define the prokaryotes.

These are review questions are designed to help students better understand the history of microbiology. They are based on materials that can be found on the Prokaryotic Cell Structure & Function Lecture Main Page.

Page last updated: 

FREE Printable 
Prokaryotic Cell Diagram
to help you remember prokaryote parts and pieces.
11. Explain passive and active transport of molecules across the plasma membrane.

12. Describe an example of diffusion down a concentration gradient.

13. What would happen to a blood cell if placed in water (a hypotonic environment)? Why would the same thing not happen to a bacterial or a plant cell?

14. Describe factors that may prevent a molecule from moving across a cell membrane?

15. Describe the two types of bacterial glycocalyces that we discussed in class. How do they differ?

16. Why are there more types of cell arrangement for cocci than for bacillus-shaped bacteria?

17. Distinguish between pili, fimbriae, flagella, axial filaments. Give an example of a type of bacteria associated with each type of bacterial cell extension.

6. List all of the species of bacteria that we have studied so far and indicate which are G+ and which are G-.

7. What is the vegetative state of a bacterium and how does it differ from an endospore? 

8. Use the list of bacteria that you created for review question #6, and indicate which of these bacteria are able to produce endospores

9. Are the bacteria that can create endospores all G+, all G-, or are there both G+ and G- endospore producers?

10. Draw and label 5 different bacterial shapes and 5 different bacterial arrangements.

Science Prof Online 
has several 
Virtual Classrooms

General Biology
(15 weeks)

Cell Biology for Health Careers 
(8 weeks)

Applied Microbiology 

(16 weeks)

SPO Instructor's Corner