Prokaryotic Cell Practice Test Questions
Prokaryotic Cell Structure & Function
Practice Test Questions I

from Science Prof Online


Prokaryotic Cell Sample Test Questions - Part 1
1. All bacteria are prokaryotes.

a. True         
b. False

2. Ribosomes function in protein synthesis in prokaryotic cells.

a. True                 
b. False
4. Penicillin would probably be a good choice of antibiotic to treat a bacterial infection if the bacteria was:

a. E. coli     b. Gram -     c. Gram +       d. Gram cracker

5. What structure allows bacteria to survive in a hypotonic environment?

a. plasma membrane   b. nucleiod   c. ribosomes   
                d. cell wall            e. glycocalyx

6. Streptococcus mutans is able to produce…

a. endospores
b. fimbriae
c. LPS toxin
d. a slime layer
e. an endomembrane system

​The following questions are designed to help students better understand this topic. All questions are based on material that can be found on the Prokaryotic Cell Structure & Function Lecture Main Page.

Prokaryotic Cell
Review Questions

Free review questions to help students better understand this topic.
Microbiology Lab Videos
Page last updated: 2/2016

FREE Printable 
Prokaryotic Cell Diagram
to help you remember prokaryote parts and pieces.
7. A slime layers and capsules are two types of...

a. cell walls  b. glycocalyx  c. plasma membrane  d. fimbriae

8. The genome (genetic material) of a prokaryote is called a...

a. nucleus       b. nucleolus       c. nucleosome        
d. nucleoid     e. plasmid

9. Peptidoglycan is an important molecule of bacterial cells walls. Which of the following statements regarding peptidoglycan and bacterial cells is NOT true?

a. The peptidoglygan cell wall is thicker in gram-positive bacteria.
b. The peptidoglycan cell wall is the outermost layer of gram-negative bacteria.
c. The outermost layer of the gram-negative bacterial cell wall contains the endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS).
d. Gram-positive bacteria do not have an LPS layer to the cell wall

10. Compared to the water, the environment on the inside of the blood cell could best be described as:

a. hypertonic        b. tectonic         c. hypotonic     
               d. isotonic        e. ginandtonic

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Practice Test Questions.

3. What is the name of the membrane that is the boundary between the inside and outside of the prokaryotic cell?

a. epidermis
b. nuclear membrane
c. plasma membrane
d. vesicle membrane
e. endodermis

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